Home / About / Code of Ethics

Code of Ethics

The Recreation Therapist commits to four core values:


Recreation therapists shall demonstrate respect by exhibiting due regard for the feelings, wishes, rights, and traditions of others in each of their interactions with clients, colleagues, support systems, and all others in a professional manner. The core value of respect will be carried out by:



Acknowledging inherent Human Rights guaranteed by law and treating each client with dignity and respect.


Recognizing that the client has the right to accept or refuse any recommended therapeutic recreation service.


Being self-aware and committed to negate personal biases within service provision and relationships.


Collaborating with the client(s) and/or care partners in setting goals and priorities of service as much as reasonably possible.


Providing clients with the information they need to make decisions about the options available to them.



Recreation therapists shall demonstrate integrity by having strong moral principles and engaging in honest, equitable, and fair interactions. The core value of integrity will be carried out by:



Establishing the trust and confidence of each client and others through professional conduct and appearance.


Informing and communicating fees and cost of services to clients and/or helping to source other options.


Accurately representing the role of a recreation therapist’s professional qualifications, skills, and competencies.


Exercising independent professional judgement by being aware and not compromising integrity by being pressured or negatively influenced by others.


Serving as an advocate for therapeutic recreation by promoting the purpose, values, and ethics of the profession.



Recreation therapists shall achieve high standards of competence by:



Being knowledgeable of the Standards of Practice and the Competency Profile for Therapeutic Recreation.


Committing to continuous learning and self-improvement that is essential to professional development and increased effectiveness as a professional and competent service provider.


Delivering services only in areas of expertise and within scope of practice.


Refraining from providing services when impaired by a substance or illness.


Supporting colleagues and students in advancing their abilities through supervision and/or teaching.


Documenting recreation therapy service delivery to identify strengths, areas of growth, and the treatment plan.


Ensuring referrals and requests are made to the appropriate sources when treatment is beyond the competencies or scope of the recreation therapist.


Functioning as a cooperative and collaborative member of the treatment team for the delivery of effective health care.



The duty to do no harm and protect others from harm. Recreation therapists shall demonstrate avoiding the causation of harm by:



Maintaining professional boundaries by avoiding any activity or relationship which would exploit or cause harm to others or to the profession.


Accepting responsibility and accountability for one’s own actions taking all necessary steps to prevent or minimize harm; and should harm occur, ensure appropriate disclosure


Reporting in good faith any incompetent or unethical behaviour of health care providers and/or others to the appropriate authorities.


Preserving and protecting the confidentiality of all personal and health information of the client, except where disclosure of such information is necessary to the service or treatment of the client or is a legal requirement of the courts (HIA, 2018).


Conducting all programs with due regard to the safety of the clients, colleagues, and facilitators.


Complete Code of Ethics File as Amended in 2021